All about Domains

A domain name is the address that people type into a browser address bar to find the website. A domain name is prime in the website URL. The brand name itself can be a domain name which helps people find the business online. A top-level domain is an extension used right after your domain name, i.e, website URL always ends with a TLD. In the good old days, IP addresses were used to access a website. These addresses vary from simple to complex strings of alphabets and numbers eg. 95.175.98.230. So, to ease the complexity of remembering them, URLs were invented.

Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the complete address of any website. The combination of a domain name and the top-level domain is called root level domain. The two major requirements to launch a website include domain and hosting. All the data of the website resides in the web server provided by the hosting company. Before planning to host a website, it would be helpful for you to understand a few basics about domains.

Where do domains come from?

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) manages the entire domain name system. It co-ordinates about domain names, IP addresses, DNS and is responsible for making IP addresses and domains unique to avoid duplicates and identity theft.

Registry

An organization that oversees top-level domains is called a registry. Registry is the organization that develops domain extensions, sets the rules for these domains, and works with registrars to sell domain names to consumers or resellers.

Registrar

A registrar acts as a middleman in the process of domain registration. The Registrars can deal directly with end customers or with Resellers. ICANN accredited registrants have the authority to issue domain name operating licenses to the Registrants.

Registrant

Registrants are individuals or organizations who register domain names, and on registration of a domain name, a registrant enters into a contract with a registrar, which describes the terms and conditions under which the registrar agrees to register and maintain the requested name.

DNS

The domain name system (DNS) turns domain names into IP Addresses, enabling the browser to understand the search query. In simple words, the computer understands a coded language called IP Addresses to find required pages from millions of websites. This translation of language happens on the internet with the help of DNS. IP addresses display the location details of every device connected to the internet and helps in tracking fraudulent cases.

Types of Domain

  • Top Level Domain (TLD)
  • Generic top-level domains (gTLD)
  • Country code top-level domains (ccTLD)
  • Second Level Domains (SLD)
  • Third Level Domain

Challenges in Domain Management

  • Missed Renewals

An expired domain name is bad for business, for users, and could end up costing. Timely renewal ranging from 1 to 10 years ensures the safety of a domain. Understanding the life cycle of a domain name in detail would help avoid losses, missed renewals, and re-working things.

  • Bad Domain History

Despite having so many TLDs, a maximum of domains are registered already. Out of those, a lot might have expired and require a new registrant for it. Checking a domain’s history is a wise move before registering it because the reputation of any domain name impacts the current work.

  • Domain Thefts

A theft can happen online or offline with your money, bank details, credit card details, and personal information. Similarly, there are some domain thefts one should be aware of. These thefts include domain hijacking and Domain hacking. Domain hijacking is the act of changing the registration of a domain name without owner’s consent and abusing privileges on domain hosting. Domain Hacking is creating domain names of in demand brands by misusing TLDs.

  • Domain Reselling – A profitable Business

Purchasing domains and selling them at the acceptable rates is a profitable business. Domain reselling can be a side hustle without affecting your day job. It does not matter whether you are an individual or a well-established organization. Today’s generation is dominated by internet users, reselling domains is one of the guaranteed ways to convert your business into a profitable one.

In this article, get the complete information about Registrar, Registry, Registrants, DNS and everything related to the domain industry. Additionally, know about the challenges faced while managing a domain and reaching the end customers and the various types of a domain. For purchasing domains, check for prices here. For more details about domain purchasing and becoming a reseller with world’s leading registrar, contact us at sales@haw.company

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